Balkan Cocaine Wars

Credit: Midhat Kapetanović
Published: May 5, 2020

In February 2015, Goran Radoman parked his armored BMW under his apartment building in Serbia’s capital, Belgrade. As he stepped out of the garage, he was cut down by a hail of machine gun fire. The suspected assassin is still on the run.

The attack was the opening salvo in a bloody war between two Montenegrin crime groups that continues today. The conflict has claimed the lives of dozens of people in former Yugoslavian countries and beyond, as the gangs battle to control routes for smuggling cocaine from South America to feed Europe’s 5.7 billion-euro-a-year habit.

Some of the dead and injured, like Radoman, were members and associates of organized crime groups, but others were relatives and innocent bystanders. The gangsters have used car bombs, pistols, machine guns, and snipers. As well as Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia, they have killed in Greece, Spain, the Netherlands, Austria and Germany.

The rivalry between the Škaljari and the Kavač clans, which originated on opposite sides of a single mountain in the tourist area of Kotor, on Montenegro’s Adriatic coast, has upended the criminal underworld in the region. Crime groups have aligned themselves with one or the other, and some politicians and police have picked sides too.

Using classified intelligence reports, police and court documents, as well as interviews with gang members and people who know them, reporters pieced together the complex web of alliances behind the violence.

Their findings offer the first comprehensive picture of the secret war between these two cocaine clans, which have carved a bloody trail across Europe.

External content from YouTube

This content is provided by a third-party. By playing this content, you consent to cookies being set and personal data processed by the third-party provider.


Bad Blood: A War Between Montenegrin Cocaine Clans Engulfs the Balkans

Dozens of gang members have been killed throughout Europe in a conflict that has Balkan crime groups taking sides, along with some politicians and police.

5 May 2020 Read the article


How a Montenegrin Gang Used Open-Source Intelligence to Kill

Hitmen working for a criminal group active in Montenegro and Serbia used open-source intelligence techniques, poring over apartment listing sites, satellite images, and tourist photos posted online, to track down and kill the leader of a rival clan as he hid out in Greece.

9 March 2023 Read the article

Tracking the Murders

Since 2015, members of two rival Montenegrin cocaine clans have been killing each other in the Balkans and in countries across Europe. For nearly as long, OCCRP journalists have been tracking the deaths. Click the map and zoom in to learn more about these incidents, where they took place, and who was involved.

Subscribe to our weekly newsletter!

And get our latest investigations on organized crime and corruption delivered straight to your inbox.